Ann. Phys. Fr.
Volume 16, Number 6, 1991
|Page(s)||639 - 706|
|Published online||01 June 2004|
Achievements of modern crystal-laser physics
11 7333 Moscow B-333, Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospect 59, Russian Federation
This review summarizes the current understanding of the physics of crystalline laser materials. After a brief historical overview, the host crystals and activator ions are examined. This information is organized both by host crystal and by activator ion in order to show the relationships of laser action to host and activator properties. Particular attention is placed on the latest results in the search for new rare-earth and transition-metal activator ions and on the role of crystal-field disorder in the optical properties of Ln3+ ions in insulating laser crystals. The research on crystalline laser hosts for obtaining stimulated emission from Ln3+ activator ions at new wavelengths is also summarized.
PACS: 4255R – Lasing action in other solids / 0130R – Reviews and tutorial papers: resource letters / 4320G – Solid lasers
Key words: crystal field interactions / reviews / solid lasers / stimulated emission / crystal laser physics / review / activator ions / rare earth / transition metal / crystal field disorder / optical properties / insulating laser crystals / stimulated emission
© EDP Sciences, 1991